Cadenas globales de valor y políticas de desarrollo
Desarrollo económico, Vol. 56, Nº 220, 371-391Carlo Pietroblli / Cornelia Staritz
Jänner 2017 | ISSN 0046-001X
Value chain interventions are increasingly used by international organizations and donor agencies in the context of their private sector development strategies. These programs pretend to improve market access conditions, support upgrading processes, and modify the distribution of risks and benefits in Global Value Chains (GVCs) in favor of developing countries’ firms and producers. This paper develops a typology and a snapshot of GVC interventions by international organizations and donors, and presents an in-depth case on one multilateral lending institution. The paper argues that an understanding of GVCs, their drivers and governance structures is necessary to design and implement effective interventions and shows how interventions often risk losing focus and sharing only a “label” with no real underlying concept. The paper concludes with a set of principles for effective value chain policies and programs that include the support to tailor-made, context-specific upgrading strategies and the consideration of the potential but ambivalent role of lead firms and first-tier suppliers/intermediaries. Moreover, the paper stresses the importance of stronger local innovation systems and learning and innovation efforts coherent with GVC characteristics, and highlights the potential offered by the growing markets in emerging economies.